Info IEB. #MeToo en Francia. Número 46. Julio 2024

El acoso sexual en el trabajo es un problema frecuente que afecta gravemente el bienestar, la satisfacción laboral y el desarrollo profesional de los empleados, en particular de las mujeres. En Francia, una de cada tres mujeres será víctima de este acoso a lo largo de su carrera. El movimiento #MeToo ha revelado un acoso sexual generalizado y una conducta dañina en los centros de trabajo de todo el mundo, y ha contribuido a una mayor sensibilización sobre esta cuestión. Ello ha llevado a exigir un mayor control de la situación y de la rendición de cuentas, al tiempo que ha suscitado una reacción considerable de los oponentes al movimiento #MeToo, que lo han calificado de una caza de brujas y han señalado que las relaciones profesionales entre hombres y mujeres se van a ver alteradas para siempre.

2024/07: The effect of removing early retirement on mortality

This paper studies the mortality effect of delaying retirement by investigating the impacts of the 1967 Spanish pension reform, which affected the general population and exogenously changed the early retirement age, depending on the date individuals started contributing to the pension system. Using the Spanish administrative data, we find that delaying retirement by one year increases the hazard of dying between the ages of 60 and 69 by 38 percent. We show that the reform leads to higher mortality in all subgroups, and the effects are statistically stronger for those employed in sectors with the highest workplace accidents and for those with low selfvalue jobs. Moreover, we show that allowing flexible retirement mitigates the adverse effects of delaying retirement.

2024/06: It where it hurts: Healthcare access and intimate partner violence

This paper investigates the causal link between healthcare access and intimate partner violence (IPV) victims’ help-seeking behavior. Access to healthcare serves as a critical avenue for screening or detecting IPV. Doctors are legally mandated to report suspected criminal injuries to the authorities and can guide victims towards IPV support services. We exploit the 2012 reform in Spain that removed access to the public healthcare system for undocumented immigrants. We use court reports and protection order requests from the Judicial Branch of the Spanish government to perform a difference-in-differences approach, comparing the helpseeking behavior of foreign and Spanish women before and after the reform. We find that restricting healthcare access led to an immediate 12% decrease in IPV reporting and protection order applications among foreign women, particularly in regions with strict enforcement. Importantly, we show suggestive evidence that the reform did not change the underlying incidence of IPV but the results are driven by a reduction in injury reports from medical centers. Our findings are important given the increase in migration flows globally as well as for corrent debates on granting/limiting access to healthcare for marginalized groups.

SEMINAR: Sophie Hatte – «Reading Twitter in the Newsroom: Web 2.0 and Traditional-Media Reporting of Conflicts»

May 31, 2024 – 13.30h – Room 1038

2024/03: Muddying the waters: How grade distributions change when university exams go online

We analyse how grade distributions change when higher education evaluations transition online and disentangle the mechanisms that help to explain the change observed in students’ results. We leverage administrative panel data, survey data and data on course plans from a large undergraduate degree at the University of Barcelona. We show that grade averages increase and their dispersion reduce. Changes are driven by students from the lower end of the performance distribution and by a reduction in the occurrence of fail grades; however, we do not find evidence for artificial `grade adjusting’ to explain the phenomenon. We are also able to dismiss shifts in the composition of test takers, improvements in teaching quality or in learning experiences and increases in Student engagement. While changes in the assessment formats employed do not appear to mediate the causal relationship between online evaluation and higher grades, we identify more dispersed evaluation opportunities and increased cheating as explanatory factors.

Pascual Torres, Juan