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Working Paper
Fiscal Federalism
Massimiliano Ferraresi, Leonzio Rizzo, Alberto Zanardi

2014/38 : Policy outcomes of single and double-ballot elections

We use data for all Italian municipalities from 2001-2007 to empirically test the extent to which two different electoral rules, which hold for small and large municipalities, affect fiscal policy decisions at local level. Municipalities with fewer than 15,000 inhabitants elect their mayors in accordance with a single-ballot plurality rule where only one list can support her/him, while the rest of the municipalities uses a run-off plurality rule where multiple lists can support her/him. Per capita total taxes, charges and current expenditure in large municipalities are lower than in small ones.



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