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2024/07: The effect of removing early retirement on mortality

This paper studies the mortality effect of delaying retirement by investigating the impacts of the 1967 Spanish pension reform, which affected the general population and exogenously changed the early retirement age, depending on the date individuals started contributing to the pension system. Using the Spanish administrative data, we find that delaying retirement by one year increases the hazard of dying between the ages of 60 and 69 by 38 percent. We show that the reform leads to higher mortality in all subgroups, and the effects are statistically stronger for those employed in sectors with the highest workplace accidents and for those with low selfvalue jobs. Moreover, we show that allowing flexible retirement mitigates the adverse effects of delaying retirement.

2024/06: It where it hurts: Healthcare access and intimate partner violence

This paper investigates the causal link between healthcare access and intimate partner violence (IPV) victims’ help-seeking behavior. Access to healthcare serves as a critical avenue for screening or detecting IPV. Doctors are legally mandated to report suspected criminal injuries to the authorities and can guide victims towards IPV support services. We exploit the 2012 reform in Spain that removed access to the public healthcare system for undocumented immigrants. We use court reports and protection order requests from the Judicial Branch of the Spanish government to perform a difference-in-differences approach, comparing the helpseeking behavior of foreign and Spanish women before and after the reform. We find that restricting healthcare access led to an immediate 12% decrease in IPV reporting and protection order applications among foreign women, particularly in regions with strict enforcement. Importantly, we show suggestive evidence that the reform did not change the underlying incidence of IPV but the results are driven by a reduction in injury reports from medical centers. Our findings are important given the increase in migration flows globally as well as for corrent debates on granting/limiting access to healthcare for marginalized groups.

XIII INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC SYMPOSIUM: Strategies for 2050: energy and industry perspectives

February 4, 2025 – Aula Magna Edifici Històric UB

2024/05: The taxing challenges of the state: Unveiling the role of fiscal & administrative capacity in development

During the past two decades, several factors have challenged the stability of na-tional states, adding tensions to the connection between the state and the individual. This paper reviews the literature on state capacity. First, it introduces the origin of the literature and presents the well-established positive correlation between state ca-pacity and economic development. Second, it touches upon fiscal and administrative capacity and conflict. It concludes with a provocative reflection on digital nomads to push the research frontier in analysing the connection between the state and the individual.

IEB Report 1/2024: Drought: Scarcity and Management of Available Water

Drought is an extended period of time in which a territory experiences a shortfall in the water supply. The main cause is usually an ongoing shortage of precipitation (meteorological drought), which can eventually lead to insufficient water resources (hydrological drought) to meet the existing demand. The “volume stored in surface reservoirs” or “river inputs at gauging stations” are two of the most explicit indicators reflecting the hydrological status through the various control points set up throughout the territory.

CONFERENCE: Addressing internalities with energy and climate policies

June 3, 2024 – Sala de Recepcions – 12h