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Four IEB projects selected in the national programme for the promotion of scientific-technical research and transfer

Four projects led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB) have been selected in the national plan for scientific, technical and innovation research 2021-2023, part of the Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy 2021-2027. These grants, linked to the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, seek to promote the generation of scientific and technological knowledge through the financing of research projects designed to meet the challenges facing our society.

The projects promoted by IEB researchers and UB professors are: “Climate change, energy sector reforms and vulnerability: impacts and policies” by José García Quevedo and Elisa Trujillo; “The challenge of cities: housing, mobility and environment” by Jordi Jofre and Elisabet Viladecans; “Understanding social cohesion: the interaction between education and criminal behaviour” by Daniel Montolio; and “Analysis of the possible unintended effects of Public Policies from the perspectives of migration and gender” by Javier Vázquez-Grenno.

Professors García and Trujillo analyse the efficiency of the current design of the electricity market with regard to the energy transition and as a response to the challenge of climate change. The project also quantifies the problems that market design can generate (through price setting and the impact of CO2) for the most vulnerable population, for productive activity and health in general, paying special attention to the issue of gender.

Professors Jofre and Viladecans focus first on the growing problem of the affordability of housing in urban areas, especially its effect on young people and low-income households. The project also investigates various aspects related to mobility costs inside cities, including the negative impact of traffic noise on quality of life, the economic consequences of the launch of cycle lanes and political reactions to policies that seek to reduce automobile traffic. Finally, the economic and environmental impacts of the geographical distribution of the retail sector within cities will also be studied.

The third IEB project, led by Professor Montolio, seeks to understand two crucial aspects that are at the centre of the current debate on social cohesion. The study explores the ways in which educational decisions interact with individual choices that lead to criminal activities, and also analyses the shocks experienced by society that affect social cohesion and encourage criminal activities.

Finally, Professor Vázquez-Grenno’s project addresses the possible unintended effects of public policies from the perspectives of migration and gender. Starting from the premise that policies may have distinct effects on men and women and may cause the gender gap either to widen or to narrow, the objective of the project is to understand the influence of these policies on the decisions that men and women take regarding their professional activity and their family. And, in relation to the issue of migration, the aim is to explore how migration policies can affect the individual decisions of migrants and, in particular, the decisions of women in relation to fertility.