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  • Investigación:Capital humano
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  • 2018/14: Class composition effects and school welfare: evidence from Portugal using panel data

    João Firmino

    Using student-level longitudinal data of 6th graders I estimate class composition effects impacting on individual academic achievement. The richness of the dataset allows to tackle endogeneity stemming from between and within-school non-random sorting of students and of teachers and other confounding factors through the inclusion of many control covariates that...

    2018/13: The unequal opportunity for skills acquisition during the Great Recession in Europe

    Sara Ayllón, Natalia Nollenberger

    This paper is the first to investigate the extent to which the high levels of jobless-ness resulting from the Great Recession across Europe have translated into higher school attendance among youth. Using cross-sectional and longitudinal data from the EU-SILC for 28 countries, we establish a robust counter-cyclical relationship between rising...

    2018/05: Employment effects of on-the-job human capital acquisition

    Joaquín Naval, José I. Silva, Javier Vázquez-Grenno

    This paper quantifies the joint effect of on-the-job training and workers' on- the-job learning decisions on aggregate employment. We present an Index of On-the-job Human Capital Acquisition (OJHCA), based on data from the OECD Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies. The objective of the index is to capture...

    2017/13: The more educated, the more engaged? An analysis of social capital and education

    Gerard Ferrer-Esteban, Mauro Mediavilla

    Social capital can be understood as network-based civic engagement, based on reciprocity and trust. This sociological approach, however, is faced with problems when assuming network-based social capital as a stock of capital. Any form of capital should have a positive economic payoff, should be measurable, and should define the mechanisms...

    2017/12: Efficiency in the transformation of schooling into competences: a cross-country analysis using PIAAC data

    Inés P. Murillo, José L. Raymond, Jorge Calero

    This study (i) compares the competence levels of the adult population in a set of OECD countries; (ii) assesses the comparative efficiency with which the education system in each country transforms schooling into competences, distinguishing by educational level, and (iii) tracks the evolution of this efficiency by birth cohorts. Using...

    2016/25: The evolution of educational inequalities in Spain: Dynamic evidence from repeated cross-sections

    Álvaro Choi, María Gil, Mauro Mediavilla, Javier Valbuena

    A lack of longitudinal data prevents many countries from estimating dynamic models and, thus, from obtaining valuable evidence for policymaking in the field of education. This is the case of Spain, where recent education reforms have targeted secondary schools, but their design has been based on incomplete information regarding the...

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